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Pneumonia: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment

Pneumonia is an infection that can fill one or both lungs air sacs [alveoli (cupica)] with fluid or pus, causing chronic spasms of phlegm or pus, fever, cold, and difficulty breathing. It can be more easily fatal. This is especially bad for babies, people more than 65 years old, people with health problems, or people with a weaker immune system.

Types of Pneumonia:

Types of Pneumonia
© The Swaddle

1. Bacterial Pneumonia

This type of pneumonia occurs due to different bacteria. The most common is the streptococcus pneumonia. This usually occurs when a person the body becomes weaker in some way, such as disease, nutritional deficiency, old age, or body immune problems that cause the bacteria to enter the lungs. Bacterial can affect all ages, but if you drink, smoke, have been weak, recently undergone surgery, have respiratory diseases or viral infections, or if your immune system is weak, you are much more likely to develop this problem.

2. Viral Pneumonia

This type of pneumonia occurs due to various viruses, including influenza (flu). If you have the above, you are more likely to develop bacterial pneumonia.

3. Mycoplasma Pneumonia

 This type has different symptoms and is known as atypical pneumonia. This is caused by mycoplasma. This usually causes mild but massive pneumonia that affects all age groups.

4. Aspirin pneumonia

This typically occurs due to any liquid, food, dust, or gas. It is also known as Necrotizing Pneumonia, Anaerobic Pneumonia, Aspiration Pneumonitis, and Aspiration of Vomitus. This type of problem can sometimes be hard to fix, as people with aspirin are already sick.

5. Fungal pneumonia

This type of pneumonia is caused by a various endemic or opportunistic fungus (fungus). It includes fungal infections, such as coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, and blastomycosis. Fungal problems can be hard to diagnose.

Symptoms of Pneumonia:

Symptoms of Pneumonia
© Verywell Health
  1. A cough with phlegm 
  2. Fever (you may have sweating and shiver) 
  3. Difficulty breathing or even breathing too fast. 
  4. Chest pain or restlessness 
  5. It may seem to be less hungry.

Serious symptoms of Pneumonia- 

  • Fat breathing
  • Blood in cough
  • Pulsation
  • Low blood pressure
  • Cough and vomiting

Some people have severe chest pain while breathing. This could be because the thin outer covering of the lungs is infected and inflamed, which can easily block your lungs from functioning.

It’s symptoms are often similar to those in other chest infections such as bronchitis. You have to consult your doctor for a proper diagnosis.

Causes of Pneumonia:

Causes of Pneumonia
© Medical News Today

1. Viruses, bacteria, fungi, or parasitic organisms or other organisms may develop pneumonia. 

2. Many types of bacteria can cause this problem. In most cases, pneumonia (such as bacteria or viruses) may not be detected, but it usually causes streptococcus Pneumonia.

3. The Mycoplasma Pneumonia caused by lung infection is sometimes lighter and also called “Walking Pneumonia.” Viruses such as influenza (flu virus) and respiratory sinusitis may also cause this disease.

4. People with week immune systems may also get this disease from other organisms such as Pneumocystis jiroveci. This fungus is often caused Pneumonia among those who have AIDS. Some doctors may recommend HIV testing if they believe that this disease is a cause of Pneumocystis jiroveci.

Prevention of Pneumonia:

Prevention of Pneumonia
© Matria

1. Take vaccine

There are certain types of pneumonia and vaccine available to prevent the flu. Vaccinations will change over time, so consult your doctor even if you have vaccinated your pneumonia. 

2. Vaccination of children

Doctors recommend individual pneumonia vaccines for children under 2 years of age and children between 2 and 5. Doctors also recommend flu shots for children over 6 months of age.

3. Take care of yourself

Wash your hands regularly to prevent yourself from breathing infections. Smoking harms your lungs a lot. Keep your immune system healthy and Get plenty of sleep, exercise regularly, and have a healthy diet.

Treatment of Pneumonia:

Treatment of Pneumonia
© Medical News Today

1. Antibiotics

These medicines are used to treat this problem caused by bacteria. It may take a little time to identify the bacteria that cause pneumonia and choose the right antibiotic for you. If your symptoms are not better, your doctor may give you another antibiotic.

2. Cough medicines

Cough can be used to ease your coughing so you can relax. Coughing helps to loosen and release fluids from your lungs, so coughing should not be completely cured.

3. Fever/pain reduction medicines

You can take these as often as needed for fever and restlessness, such as Paracetamol.

Complications and Risks of Pneumonia:

Complications and Risks of Pneumonia
© WebMD

Risks in Pneumonia:

1. Environment and lifestyle factors:

  • Smoking 
  • Working in a polluted environment. 
  • Working in a hospital. 

2. Medical factor:

People with viral respiratory infections like flu are more at risk of developing this disease. Conditions such as stroke or insanity can cause you to have difficulty swallowing Pneumonia.

Chronic lung disease can also lead to Pneumonia. People with weaker immune systems are at higher risk of developing this problem because of illness or drugs.

3. Age group:

People older than 65 and children aged 2 or older are at higher risk of developing this disease. It can also be fatal for this age group, so consult your doctor immediately if symptoms occur.

Complications in Pneumonia

1. Bacteria in the blood

The bacteria that enter the blood from your lungs can also affect the rest of your organs, causing problems with the rest of your organs.

2. Shortness of breath

If your pneumonia is severe or if you have an older lung disease, you may have trouble getting enough oxygen in your breath. You may also need to be hospitalized and use a breathing machine (ventilator).

3. Fluid accumulation around the lungs

It can cause the formation of fluid in thin space between the layers of tissue. If the fluid infected, you may need to get it removed through the chest tube or surgery.

4. Lung abscess

There is an abscess when there is pus in the space of the lung. Acne usually cured with antibiotics. Sometimes a long needle or tube of the boil required to carry out surgery or drainage.

Things to avoid during Pneumonia:

Things to avoid during Pneumonia
© Time Now

1. Foods you are allergic too or sensitive too. Sugars and sugars products, and extremely sweet fruits.  Soft drinks and commercially processed foods. 

2. All foods that contain synthetic substances like preservatives, colors, flavors, etc.  Milk and dairy products, because they increase the largest phlegms in the body. Coffee and other caffeinated products.

Things to eat during Pneumonia:

Things to eat during Pneumonia
© Daily Mail

In general, it’s important to eat a well-balanced diet to recover. In general, you should drink 4 to 6 glasses of water a day until you feel this way. Eat lots of fruit juices, fresh fruit, yogurt, milkshake, lean meat, fish or egg meals, and cooked vegetables.

Things to do during Pneumonia:

Things to do during Pneumonia
© Precision Medical

1. Rest is extremely important during Pneumonia. That our body can use all the strength to fight with the disease, so avoid going out or at work if you have this diesease. Being at home doesn’t mean you start to work at home. Complete rest in this problem is very important. If your child has this disease, don’t send your child to school.

2. Pneumonia can cause you to cough, which is a good thing because it removes phlegm from your lungs. However, you may not be able to rest properly due to a cough and you may experience other problems. Gargle with water is one of the best ways to reduce a cough. Mix well with half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of water. Gargle this mixture three to four times a day. Keep in mind that the salt content should well be dissolved in the water, or else they can rub your throat and cause problems. Gargle with saltwater, if desired.

3. You are not advised to take cough medications, as they do not work in pneumonia. In this case, add salt and honey to the warm water. This will help you relax a lot.

4. Pneumonia should take as many fluids as possible to avoid dehydration. This will give your body plenty of fluids and release phlegm from your lungs, so drink as much water as you can. You can even make soup.

5. Pneumonia can be caused by a fever, so it’s important to check your fever every once in a while.

6. To lower your body temperature you can also do a hot compress. A cold compress can cause an abrupt change in body temperature, and cause you to vibrate. For a heated compress, wet a towel with lukewarm water and wring it out. Now put it on your forehead. 

7. Pneumonia can also cause difficulty in breathing and can cause your breath to swell. You can also put a humidifier in your home or office, or bath with hot water. If you have an inhaler, use it when you are inhaled.

8. Cleanliness is also important in pneumonia, so wash your hands frequently and clean the items that you may be touching frequently. Cough at the elbow instead of your hand while coughing to keep the bacteria from spreading.

9. Smoke can damage your lungs, so don’t go into smoky areas. If you smoke, try to break that habit. If you can’t, at least don’t smoke at all until this disease has been cured, and don’t stand near someone who is smoking because even his cigarette smoke can do you harm.

10. Pneumonia can also cause chest pain. You may experience sudden or persistent pain. However, taking a few easy steps can ease the chest pain. Ginger is also known to very good for chest pain. To make this, boil a glass of water and add a little ginger to it. Let the water boil for 15-20 minutes over low heat, and add honey and lemon to taste. You want to warm the mixture. The more often you drink this mixture every day, the better.

11. If you are taking a pain killer medication, eat enough food to help prevent side effects like nausea. Before eating any medicine talk to your doctor. If you’re drinking alcohol, try to skip it. If you are not able to do this, avoid drinking until this disease has cleared up.

12. Don’t just start doing all the work or physical work right after pneumonia has been cleared, as the symptoms can get back to this disease. Take complete rest after recovering and take precautions.

Conclusion

In the above article, you all well understand all about Pneumonia. So while taking any medicine or anything else consult a doctor, alcohol, and smoking is also a main cause of Pneumonia, and also don’t drink, and smoke if you are suffering from this problem.

We hope this article helped you to know about Pneumonia: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, Treatment. You may also want to see our guide on What Too Much Sodium Do To Your Body, Salt Side Effects, and How To Maintain Hygiene In Intimate Area.

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