Symptoms, Causes, and treatment of PCOS and PCOD
Every month women bleed, and that is the natural thing, but women sometimes find extreme pain and heavy bleeding. That is OK for 4-5 days, and usually, women bear that pain. A particular time comes when you don’t get your periods on time, maybe one month late, two months, or even more, than three months delayed. We get panic and thinking of Am I pregnant? (In case you got intimate with your partner). Pregnancy can’t always be a possibility. There are other issues of not having periods on time. Like the most common conditions, we hear, PCOS or PCOD. Yeah, PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease) and PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome). These hormone-related disorders make us stressed and skipping periods. Sometimes women use both of these, but there are a lot of the differences between them.
So let us know about PCOD and PCOS condition
We know that all females have two ovaries, which is a part of our endocrine system. These ovaries release female hormones like progesterone, estrogen, and little quantities of male hormone androgens. The female hormones are responsible for maintaining regular periods, development of breasts, and fertility of the women. At the same time, the abnormal facial growth, and acne on face resulted due to the presence of androgens or male hormones. The ovaries alternatively release a single egg every month. PCOD and PCOS both conditions are related to ovaries of the women, with a common objective, causing hormonal imbalances that lead to many other issues.
What is PCOD condition?
Poly Cystic Ovarian Disorder is a condition where many cysts that are small fluid-fill sacs appear on the ovaries. These enlarged ovaries contain many partially mature or immature eggs. The male sex hormones androgens released in a large amount that results in severe chances of infertility in women. These conditions are due to excess dependent on junk foods, which leads to weight gain; Obesity in females more common, and stress causes hormonal disturbances in the body. It is very common in females, approximately 3 out of 5 are prone to Poly Cystic Ovarian Disorder.
Common symptoms of PCOD
- Irregular periods.
- Chances of infertility.
- Male pattern hair loss.
- High amount of facial hair growth.
- Prominent acne and pimple outbreak.
- Cravings for sweets and carbohydrate rich foods.
- Sudden abdominal weight gain and being overweight.
Whats causes PCOD?
Exact causes and reasons are still unknown by Doctors and Researchers. Usually, female produces sex hormones estrogen and progesterone and a minute amount of male sex hormone androgen for the process of ovulation. Due to poor lifestyle, the body starts producing male hormones in excess and disturbs the entire ovulation process. This delay in ovulation process and causes heavy bleeding. Don’t panic, and if you take precautions and incorporate healthy habits in your lifestyle, it will be easy for you to say PCOD forever and ever.
Treatment for PCOD
This is a reversible disorder and you can get back your periods on time. Only few commitments and changes required from you side and soon good results are visible. This doesn’t require medications but you should meet your gynaecologist for once and take her advice seriously. Here are some easy and natural methods to improve your menstrual cycle.
- Avoid eating fast foods – First of all, you should quit eating fast foods as early. Fast foods, usually high in refined carbohydrates, overcooked oils, saturated fats, and refined sugars. They increase the insulin resistance in the body hence disturbs the female hormone production and increases the chances of PCOD.
- Eat healthy and home-cooked foods – You should eat home-cooked foods and consume a healthy balanced diet. Use fresh green vegetables and bright fruits. Eating fruits satisfy your sugar cravings.
- Drink gallons of water – Water is the best tool and ingredient for the stability of hormones and flushing out the toxins from the body. Consume water half an hour before having a meal. It stops one from overeating.
- Include physical exercise in your routine- you should work out at least 30 minutes a week. It will help you in losing weight and making periods on time.
- Take proper sleep – Sleeping on time, and taking adequate sleeping hours is the best way to tackle stress and anxiety. The increased stress level may disturb the secretion of hormones. So it is important to have sound sleep better functioning of hormones.
- Here’s the list of foods for the better quality of sleep: https://wikiehelp.com/best-foods-that-can-help-you-to-improve-sleep-quality-at-night/
- Avoid consuming processed, and packaged food – Processed foods are high in emulsifiers and artificial stabilizers. Artificial agents added in packaged foods create malfunctioning of the working body. So avoid consuming loaves of bread, cookies, slices of bacon, processed meat sausages, and many more.
What is PCOS?
PCOS is a Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome. The women of age groups (14- 45 years) is very much prevalent. It is less common than PCOD but severe when compared to PCOD. It is a metabolic condition that can be a genetically induced factor or environmentally induced one. It’s a syndrome that affects both the ovaries as well as the ovulation process. It usually runs in the family if the woman has PCOS and might transfers genetically to the family tree, which leads to irregular periods and high chances of infertility. Here, also, the androgens level is high and leads to the formation of more than ten follicular small and large cysts in the ovary every month. The presence of the male hormone stops the release of an egg leading to anovulation state in the females.
Anovulation is a state where women do not release an egg in a menstrual cycle phenomenon. PCOS can be easily diagnosed like through an ultrasound machine and three factors are- (A) the formation of multiple cysts. (B) high level of androgen in females. (C) Having Irregular periods for a long time.
Symptoms of PCOS
- High chances of Infertility that leads to being sterile.
- Extreme hair loss (baldness)
- Heavy bleeding.
- Dark patches in armpits, groins area.
- The secretion of extra oil on the face causes pimple and acne.
Causes of PCOS
Exact causes and reasons, still not known by Doctors and Researchers. But they found some factors that are responsible for irregularity in their periods. It leads to the high secretion of male hormones androgens and low release of female hormones estrogen and progesterone in the female body. Androgen hampers the ovulation process like an egg in follicle gets partially mature or remains immature, and cyst formation occurs. High androgen levels in females stop the ovulation process and lead to Anovulation. Also, studies found that females with PCOS have insulin resistance ability that is, cells can’t use insulins and demands more. Extra production of insulin from the pancreas triggers the ovaries to produce more male hormones. Further Insulin resistance and overweight condition might lead to type 2 diabetes. All of these becomes interconnected with each other.
Treatment for PCOS
Meeting a gynecologist would be the best option to tackle PCOS. She may recommend you some pills and diet chart to calm the effect and reverse the menstrual cycle on time. Metformin tablets -The pills recommended by the doctors and should be taken only on Doctors’ advice. Metformin drug is a combination of Glucophage and Fortamet to improve the insulin levels in the body, which is a factor behind the irregularities of or delaying of the periods.
Birth control pills – The pills recommended by the doctors and taken only on Doctors advice. The tablets maintain the estrogen and progesterone levels in the body; hence improves the ovulation and gradually cures of PCOS.
Low carbohydrate diet – Low carbohydrates and wholesome carb diet preferred to minimize the effect of PCOS symptoms. As complex carbohydrates have low glycemic value, required more time to digest and hence the gradual rise in blood sugar value occurs.
Increasing physical activity – Do some workout and physical activities to lower your blood sugar levels naturally. Do some simple exercises to reduced belly and abdominal fats and gradually have shredded abs.
Surgery -If the above treatments do not work against the PCOS, then the final viable option is to do surgery. A surgical procedure like Ovarian drilling could help in the drilling of the ovaries with a laser treatment or a heated needle to make holes in the ovary, hence restores the ovulation process.
PCOD vs PCOS – How Are They Different from each other?
Most of the time, women get confused and interchange their names with the symptoms. While there is a section of women who think both are the name of a single disease that is PCOD and PCOS are the same. Let me tell you that PCOD and PCOS are two different hormonal disorders. Both symptoms look quite similar, but the severity of humans is different. Don’t worry, and all your doubts are going to clear here. The straightforward approach to differentiate both of these will help you not to confuse in the future.
Here is the differences list of PCOS and PCOD
- PCOD condition is more common in females than PCOS. A large number of women suffer from PCOD condition, while PCOS has fewer number of patients on the comparison.
- PCOD is a mild condition, and it is just a disorder that can be fixed; if diet and exercise pattern followed strictly, while PCOS is a serious condition that cannot get neglected. It is a metabolic disorder that needs proper treatment, along with medications and physical exercises.
- PCOS is visible in the early years of adolescence. The young menstruating girls show the first symptoms of PCOS in their teenage besides PCOD is a disorder that disturbs the condition due to the changing and adaptation of a poor lifestyle.
- PCOD has issues with health like becoming overweight, diabetes and having acne on the face. But PCOS has serious health implications on the body like prone to diabetes, high blood pressure, risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, and sometimes chances are high of endometrial cancer.
- PCOD leads to facial hair growth and acne when the females are facing irregular periods while in PCOSan excessive amounts of facial hair or hair growth in the chest area, acne, pimple, and weight gain are prominent since their teenage stage.
- PCOD females have the maximum chance of becoming pregnant than PCOS females. Medical aid and change in lifestyle can make it happen, while PCOS females struggle a lot with infertility, do not ovulate regularly due to severe hormonal imbalances, and chances of miscarriages are even higher. As the normal ovulation process occurs in PCOD women, hence they conceive very quickly.
How to cure PCOD and PCOS
At last, I would say that Nothing is impossible in life. Several women suffering from PCOD and PCOS have conceived a baby and now enjoying their motherhood. It’s just changing your lifestyle, overcoming the fear, have clean eating, eat a healthy and balanced diet, keep exercising regularly. If you change your sleeping pattern, have fresh fruits, avoid consuming packaged, processed meats, or any processed foods. Limiting your craving for refined sugar products helps you a lot in doing your periods regular. It is a wise decision to stop the disease before it harms you ultimately. If you know you are missing your periods for two months or three months, have excessive hair growth, and a lot of acne on your face, you need to meet a gynecologist. Do not procrastinate things and wait for the right time. Take action on time before the situation becomes uncontrollable.
Also Read: How to Boost Immunity during Coronavirus
HERE ARE SOME FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS RELATED TO PCOD AND PCOS
Avoid consuming high carbohydrates and especially refined, processed products like doughnuts, loaves of bread, and beverages rich in artificial sweeteners. Packaged and processed food materials must also not be eaten.
Yes, sure, but the PCOS lady struggles a lot for getting pregnant. You need medications, gynecologists’ advice along with a nutritionist diet chart, and some physical exercises. These full packages can help you in conceiving a baby.
Any type of physical activity or HIIT or low impact aerobics are excellent choices for the exercise. You can have 30 minutes of exercise four times a week.
The four types of PCOS: Insulin-resistant PCOS, Inflammatory PCOS, Hidden-cause PCOS, and Pill-induced PCOS.
Also Read: How to maintain hygiene in intimate area
No milk is not considered good for PCOS as the dairy products are rich in stimulating male hormones like testosterone or male sex hormones androgen.
So it is better to avoid milk, but you can have soya milk.
Yes, it is a natural supplement in correcting the PCOS up to some extent. The curcumin is an active component in turmeric which has a lot of excellent and beneficial properties like the anti-inflammatory properties and decreases the blood sugar level along with improving insulin sensitivity.
No rice is not bad in PCOD. It depends on how much quantity of rice is eaten. Brown rice is preferred over white rice. So, you can consume in your lunchtime a bowl of rice with chicken breast. So eat complex carbohydrates with a low glycemic value, which requires more time to be absorbed in the body.
No study has confirmed about the drinking of coffee in PCOS person. So you can have coffee but cut the sugar intake. You can have coffee without sugar but not more than two cups a day. So avoid drinking more than two cups and relying much on caffeine products
No eggs are not bad for PCOS. They come in the category of lean proteins, which are essential food items to mitigate the effects of PCOS. The consumption of proteins keeps a person full for a longer period, hence checks in gaining extra weight due to overeating. Consume proteins in good amount like chicken, beans, chickpeas
No PCOD is a Poly Cystic Ovarian disorder, and PCOS is a Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome.
PCOD and PCOS is an irregularity in periods, and ovulation does not occur periodically. Here male sex hormones secretion is more than female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone.
You cannot permanently cure PCOS as no permanent treatment discovered yet. But slight changes in the lifestyle and eating pattern can mitigate the PCOS symptoms and somehow manage to some extent.
Also Read: How to use Menstrual Cups without leakage
PCOS is more severe than PCOD as PCOD is not a disease; its a disorder of hormones in the body while PCOS is a syndrome. This metabolic condition is hereditary or genetically most of the time.
We hope this article helped you to know about What is PCOS and PCOD: Symptoms, Causes, and treatment of PCOS and PCOD. You may also want to see our guide on 9 Effective Breathing exercises to lose belly fat and Simple exercises for women to get the body back in shape.